The area of a parallelogram is defined as the region or space covered by a parallelogram in a two-dimensional plane. A parallelogram is a special kind of quadrilateral. If a quadrilateral has two pairs of parallel opposite sides, then it is called a parallelogram. Rectangle, square, and rhombus are all examples of a parallelogram. Geometry is all about shapes, 2D or 3D. All of these shapes have a different set of properties with different formulas for area. The prime focus here will be entirely on the following:

- Definition of the area of a parallelogram
- Formula of the area of a parallelogram
- Calculation of a parallelogram's area in vector form

1. | What Is the Area of Parallelogram? |

2. | Area of Parallelogram Formula |

3. | How To Calculate the Area of Parallelogram? |

4. | Area of Parallelogram in Vector Form |

5. | FAQs on Area of Parallelogram |

## What Is the Area of Parallelogram?

The area of a parallelogram refers to the total number of unit squares that can fit into it and it is measured in square units (like cm^{2}, m^{2}, in^{2}, etc). It is the region enclosed or encompassed by a parallelogram in two-dimensional space. Let us recall the definition of a parallelogram. A parallelogram is a four-sided, 2-dimensional figure with:

- two equal, opposite sides,
- two intersecting and non-equal diagonals, and
- opposite angles that are equal

We come across many geometric shapes other than rectangles and squares in our daily lives. Since few properties of a rectangle and the parallelogram are somewhat similar, the area of the rectangle is similar to the area of a parallelogram.

## Area of a Parallelogram Formula

The area of a parallelogram can be calculated by multiplying its base with the altitude. The base and altitude of a parallelogram are perpendicular to each other as shown in the following figure. The formula to calculate the area of a parallelogram can thus be given as,

Area of parallelogram = b × h square units

where,

- b is the length of the base
- h is the height or altitude

Let us analyze the above formula using an example. Assume that PQRS is a parallelogram. Using grid paper, let us find its area by counting the squares.

From the above figure:

Total number of complete squares = 16

Total number of half squares = 8

Area = 16 + (1/2) × 8 = 16 + 4 = 20 unit^{2}

Also, we observe in the figure that ST ⊥ PQ. By counting the squares, we get:

Side, PQ = 5 units

Corresponding height, ST=4 units

Side × height = 5 × 4 = 20 unit^{2}

Thus, the area of the given parallelogram is base times the altitude.

Let's do an activity to understand the area of a parallelogram.

**Step I:**Draw a parallelogram (PQRS) with altitude (SE) on a cardboard and cut it.**Step II:**Cut the triangular portion (PSE).**Step III:**Paste the remaining portion (EQRS) on a white chart.**Step IV:**Paste the triangular portion (PSE) on the white chart joining sides RQ and SP.

After doing this activity, we observed that the area of a rectangle is equal to the area of a parallelogram. Also, the base and height of the parallelogram are equal to the length and breadth of the rectangle respectively.

Area of Parallelogram = Base × Height

## How To Calculate Area of a Parallelogram?

The parallelogram area can be calculated with the help of its base and height. Also, the area of a parallelogram can also be evaluated if its two diagonals along with any of their intersecting angles are known, or if the length of the parallel sides along with any of the angles between the sides is known.

### Parallelogram Area Using Height

Suppose 'a' and 'b' are the set of parallel sides of a parallelogram and 'h' is the height (which is the perpendicular distance between 'a' and 'b'), then the area of a parallelogram is given by:

Area = Base × Height

A = b × h [square units]

**Example:** If the base of a parallelogram is equal to 5 cm and the height is 4 cm, then find its area.

**Solution:** Given, length of base = 5 cm and height = 4 cm

As per the formula, Area = 5 × 4 = 20 cm^{2}

### Parallelogram Area Using Lengths of Sides

The area of a parallelogram can also be calculated without the height if the length of adjacent sides and angle between them are known to us. We can simply use the area of the triangle formula from the trigonometry concept for this case.

Area = ab sin (θ)

where,

- a and b = length of parallel sides, and,
- θ = angle between the sides of the parallelogram.

**Example:** The angle between any two sides of a parallelogram is 90 degrees. If the length of the two parallel sides is 4 units and 6 units respectively, then find the area.

**Solution:**

Let a = 4 units and b = 6 units

θ = 90 degrees

Using area of parallelogram formula,

Area = ab sin (θ)

⇒ A = 4 × 6 sin (90º)

⇒ A = 24 sin 90º

⇒ A = 24 × 1 = 24 sq.units.

**Note:** If the angle between the sides of a parallelogram is 90 degrees, then the parallelogram becomes a rectangle.

### Parallelogram Area Using Diagonals

The area of any given parallelogram can also be calculated using the length of its diagonals. There are two diagonals for a parallelogram, intersecting each other at certain angles. Suppose, this angle is given by x, then the area of the parallelogram is given by:

Area = ½ × d\(_1\) × d\(_2\) sin (x)

where,

- d\(_1\) and d\(_2\) = Length of diagonals of the parallelogram, and
- x = Angle between the diagonals.

## Area of Parallelogram in Vector Form

The area of the parallelogram can be calculated using different formulas even when either the sides or the diagonals are given in the vector form. Consider a parallelogram ABCD as shown in the figure below,

Area of parallelogram in vector form using the adjacent sides is,

\(|\overrightarrow{\mathrm{a}} × \overrightarrow{\mathrm{b}}|\)

where, \(\overrightarrow{a}\) and \(\overrightarrow{b}\) are vectors representing two adjacent sides.

Here,

\(\overrightarrow{a} + \overrightarrow{b} = \overrightarrow{d_1} \) → i) and,

\(\overrightarrow{b} + (-\overrightarrow{a}) = \overrightarrow{d_2} \)

or, \(\overrightarrow{b} - \overrightarrow{a} = \overrightarrow{d_2}\) → ii)

⇒ \( \overrightarrow{d_1} \times \overrightarrow{d_2} = (\overrightarrow{a} + \overrightarrow{b}) (\overrightarrow{b} - \overrightarrow{a})\)

= \(\overrightarrow{a}\) × (\(\overrightarrow{b}\) - \(\overrightarrow{a}\)) + \(\overrightarrow{b}\) × (\(\overrightarrow{b}\) - \(\overrightarrow{a}\))

= \(\overrightarrow{a}\) × \(\overrightarrow{b}\) - \(\overrightarrow{a}\) × \(\overrightarrow{a}\) + \(\overrightarrow{b}\) × \(\overrightarrow{b}\) - \(\overrightarrow{b}\) × \(\overrightarrow{a}\)

Since \(\overrightarrow{a}\) × \(\overrightarrow{a}\) = 0, and \(\overrightarrow{b}\) × \(\overrightarrow{b}\) = 0

⇒ \(\overrightarrow{a}\) × \(\overrightarrow{b}\) - 0 + 0 - \(\overrightarrow{b}\) × \(\overrightarrow{a}\)

Since \(\overrightarrow{a}\) × \(\overrightarrow{b}\) = - \(\overrightarrow{b}\) × \(\overrightarrow{a}\),

\( \overrightarrow{d_1}\) × \(\overrightarrow{d_2}\) = \(\overrightarrow{a}\) × \(\overrightarrow{b}\) - (-(\(\overrightarrow{a}\) × \(\overrightarrow{b}\)))

= 2(\(\overrightarrow{a}\) × \(\overrightarrow{b}\))

Therefore, area of parallelogram when diagonals are given in vector form = 1/2 |(\(\overrightarrow{d_1}\) × \(\overrightarrow{d_2}\))|

where, \(\overrightarrow{d_1}\) and \(\overrightarrow{d_2}\) are diagonals.

**Thinking Out Of the Box!**

- Can a kite be called a parallelogram?
- What elements of a trapezoid should be changed to make it a parallelogram?
- Can there be a concave parallelogram?
- Can you find the area of the parallelogram without knowing its height?

## FAQs on Area of Parallelogram

### What Is the Area of a Parallelogram in Math?

The area of a parallelogram is defined as the region enclosed or encompassed by a parallelogram in two-dimensional space. It is represented in square units like cm^{2}, m^{2}, in^{2}, etc.

### How To Find Area of a Parallelogram Without Height?

The area of a parallelogram can be calculated without the height when the length of adjacent sides and the angle between them is known. The formula to find the area for this case is given as, area = ab sin (θ), where 'a' and 'b' are lengths of adjacent sides, and, θ is the angle between them.

Also, the area can be calculated when the diagonals and their intersecting angle are given, using the formula, Area = ½ × d1 × d2 sin (y), where 'd1' and 'd2' are lengths of diagonals of the parallelogram, and 'y' is the angle between them.

### What Is the Formula of Finding Area of Parallelogram?

The area of a parallelogram can be calculated by finding the product of its base with the altitude. The base and altitude of a parallelogram are always perpendicular to each other. The formula to calculate the area of a parallelogram is given as Area of parallelogram = base × height square units.

### How To Find Area of Parallelogram With Vectors?

Area of a parallelogram can be calculated when the adjacent sides or diagonals are given in the vector form. The formula to find area using vector adjacent sides is given as, | \(\overrightarrow{a}\) × \(\overrightarrow{b}\)|, where \(\overrightarrow{a}\) and \(\overrightarrow{b}\) are adjacent side vectors. Also, the area of parallelogram formula using diagonals in vector form is, area = 1/2 |(\(\overrightarrow{d_1}\) × \(\overrightarrow{d_2}\))|, where \(\overrightarrow{d_1}\) and \(\overrightarrow{d_2}\) are diagonal vectors.

### How to Calculate Area of Parallelogram Using Calculator?

To determine the area of a parallelogram the easiest and fastest method is to use the area of a parallelogram calculator. It is a free online tool that helps you to calculate the area of a parallelogram with the help of the given dimensions. Try now Cuemath's area of parallelogram calculator, enter the value of height and base of the parallelogram and get the parallelogram's area within a few seconds.

### What Is the Area of a Parallelogram When Diagonals are Given?

The area of a parallelogram can be calculated when the diagonals and their intersecting angle are known. The formula is given as, area = ½ × d1 × d2 sin (x), where 'd1' and 'd2' are lengths of diagonals of the parallelogram, and 'x' is the angle between them.

### How To Calculate Area of Parallelogram Whose Adjacent Sides are Given?

To find the area of a parallelogram when the lengths of adjacent sides are given, we need the angle between them. The formula to find the area for this case is given as, area = ab sin (θ), where 'a' and 'b' are lengths of adjacent sides, and, θ is the angle between the sides of the parallelogram.